Unlike type 1 diabetes, which is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s own immune system attacks and destroys the pancreas, type 2 diabetes is associated with insulin resistance. This means that the body becomes less sensitive to the insulin released by the pancreas, and it ultimately becomes unable to control blood glucose levels effectively. One of the biggest risk factors for type 2 diabetes is obesity. Many people who undergo bariatric procedures experience an improvement in their type 2 diabetes and may even be able to go off diabetes medications. If you have type 2 diabetes or have been told that you are at risk, should you consider weight loss surgery in Houston? Here is what you need to know.
What Are the Impacts of Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes can have significant impacts on your overall health. It is associated with higher risks of neuropathy, depression, heart disease, stroke, cognitive decline, and much more. Many of these higher risks exist even when diabetes is effectively controlled. According to the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS), type 2 diabetes increases the risk of premature death by 80 percent.
How Does Bariatric Surgery Affect Type 2 Diabetes?
According to the ASMBS, 90 percent of patients who have type 2 diabetes experience an improvement in the disease after surgery. These improvements include lower blood glucose levels, a reduced need for medication, and an improvement in health problems that are related to diabetes. Approximately 78 percent saw their diabetes go into remission, completely eliminating the need for medications and achieving normal blood glucose levels.
Which Bariatric Procedures Are Recommended?
Most bariatric procedures are helpful for patients with type 2 diabetes, as long as they achieve weight loss after surgery. Statistics show that sleeve gastrectomy , Gastric Bypass and duodenal switch procedures are the most effective at causing a remission for patients. Gastric banding seems to be the least effective. However, only your surgeon can determine which weight loss surgery offers the right balance of benefits and risks for your needs.
Disclaimer: This is only for general information. All patients should consult their doctors prior to following any of the recommendations in any articles and videos. Every patient has individual needs and limitations that only their treating physicians can be aware of.